Cultural & Heritage Tours 2022 - 23 / Culture Pakistan - Saltoro Summits Pakistan

Culture may be defined as behavior peculiar to human beings, together with material objects used. Culture consists of language, ideas, beliefs, customs, codes, institutions, tools, techniques, works of arts, ceremonies, and so on.
E.B. Taylor defines culture as
The complex whole includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.
According to Allama Iqbal
Culture encompasses all the mental, spiritual and physical activities of a nation. It includes the basic beliefs and faith, values and literature, art and architecture, music and mode of dress, manners, and customs prevalent in a given society.
Pakistani Culture is an Islamic Culture
Pakistan is an ideological Islamic State. Its very existence is due to Islam, so the Pakistani culture is primarily based on the Islamic way of life. All other ingredients of culture are inspired by Islam. Pakistani culture is highlighted by its grandeur, simplicity, firm convictions, and noble deeds and ideas.
Archaeological Heritage
Pakistan has been the cradle of civilization that dates back more than five Millenium. Over the centuries, through successive waves of migrations from the North – West, as well as by internal migrations across the Sub Continent, Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Arabs and Mughals came and settled in the region and have left behind the archaeological sites in Pakistan which is now being preserved. A brief review of the different civilizations which flourished and then perished with the passage of time is as under:
1. Moen-jo-Daro
Moen-jo-Daro is situated at a distance of some kilometers from Larkana. A civilization flourished there some 4000 years ago. It was discovered by Sir John Marshall in 1922. Moen-jo-Daro stands as the most spectacular of all the excavated cities of the Indus Valley civilization. It is strange that at its glory, it was a beautiful city with brick-walled houses, pillared halls, markets, baths, lanes, streets, and public places. Every house had walls, drains, and bathrooms inside it.
2. Harappa
Harappa is situated in the city of Sahiwal. Scientists and archaeologists believe that Harappa also belongs to the Indus Valley Civilization. Remains of this city were excavated in 1920.
3. Gandhara
It is comparatively a new civilization, the regions comprising Northern Punjab, Peshawar valley, and Eastern Afghanistan were known as Gandhara. For a long time, it remained the meeting place of various ancient cultures, as it was ruled by many rulers. A distinctive art which is known as Gandhara Art took place from here and flourished during the 2nd and 3rd centuries of the Christian era. Thousands of monasteries and stupas were widely here Buddha’s figures, shapes, and monasteries all made prominent features of Gandhara Arts.
4. Buddhist Remains
The Buddhist era ushered in some 500 years B.C. The Buddhist monastery Takht-I-Bahi is in N.W.F.P, it dates 2-5 centuries old. Some mounds were also found near Peshawar which represents Kanishka’s mighty Pakistan. An impressive complex of Chapels, Stupas, quadrangles, and monk cells are also found. The great Buddhist civilization is now forming the heritage of the present Pakistan Culture.
5. Taxila
It was excavated in recent times near Rawalpindi. Taxila is the most popular name in history. It came into prominence during the Persian occupation. At its zenith, the city was the nucleus of religious and cultural activities.
6. Thatta
The main town of Thatta is famous for specimens of Indo-Muslim architecture in the Sub Continent. Notable among them is the great mosque built by Shah-Jahan. The principal monuments of Thatta are located on Makli Hill.
Architectural Heritage
1. Lahore Fort
It is also known as the Shahi Qila. It was built by Akbar. The main structures inside the fort are the Moti Masjid, Diwan-e-Aam, Maktab Khana, the Shish Mahal and Nawlakha. The Hathi and Alamgir gates are also remarkable constructions.
2. Badshahi Masjid
It was built by Aurangzeb. Its architecture is similar to the Jamia Masjid Delhi. The masjid has been built with red stones while the domes are in marble.
3. Jahangir Tomb
This tomb was built by Shah Jahan. It is known as a fine building of Lahore.
4. Shalimar Garden
It is situated on the Grand Trunk Road and is a magnificent remnant of the Mughal Grandeur. The garden constitutes three terraces, one above the other. Besides, there is an elaborate and beautiful reservoir, water channels and fountains.
5. Masjid Wazir Khan
It is situated in Kashmir Bazaar inside the walls of the old city. It was built by Nawab Wazir Khan who was a viceroy of Punjab under Shah Jahan.
6. Golden Masjid
It is situated near Masjid Wazir Khan. It was built during the rule of Mohammad Shah and it is also a very beautiful piece of architecture.
7. Mahabat Khan Masjid
This masjid was built by a Governor of Peshawar, Mahabat Khan, during Shah Jahan’s reign. It has a fine massive structure with lofty minarets.
8. The Fort of Bala Hisar
This fort was built on raised platform 92 feet from the ground level. There are two gardens near the fort.

Heritage in Fine Arts
1. Paintings
Muslims brought with them the artistic traditions of Baghdad when they came to South Asia. In the beginning, the walls and roofs of palaces and other buildings were decorated with pictorial and floral designs. Gradually paintings gained firm ground.
Mughal emperors were fond of paintings. Humayun brought with him two Persian painters, Mir Syed Tabrizi and Khawaja Abdul Samad. They adorned the story of Amir Hamza was pictorially rendered through paintings by these luminaries. During the days of Akbar, the number of painters in the court increased manifold. This helped patronize the art of paintings. The matching of colors reached its zenith. The painters rendered pictorial copies of many a book and their fine paintings decorated a number of important public buildings.

Jahangir was a great connoisseur and admirer of this art. He could name the painter by looking at his painting. During his days the art of painting reached its climax. Beautiful plants, flowers, animals, birds, and natural scenes were painted. The paintings of battle scenes, sieges, and animal fights were painted with realism and unparalleled attraction.

The art of painting has developed slowly in the Muslims of South Asia. In the beginning, decorative paintings and embroidery were made on the walls and ceilings of buildings. The Mughal rulers were very fond of paintings. The traditional art of painting occupies a prominent place in the hearts of the people of Pakistan. Abdul Rehman Ghugtai, Haji Mohammad Sharif, Jamil Nagshare are the most distinguished painters.
2. Calligraphy
The Muslims took a keen interest in the promotion of calligraphy. Its main reason is their deep love for the Holy Quran. In the South Asian Muslim Society to be educated and a civilized person had to know the art of calligraphy. During this period various patterns of calligraphy were developed. Calligraphy was not confined to paper only but it got its way even on the buildings. The Masjids constructed during early and medieval periods of Islam were decorated with masterpieces of calligraphy. Aurangzeb Alamgir was the last powerful Mughal ruler who practiced the art of calligraphy.
3. Architecture and Sculpture
The architecture reflects the natural inclination and taste of people. The Muslim art of architecture was unique in every aspect. The architecture and all the miniature arts including carving, sculpture, mosaic works, tile works, and paintings were called upon to build new Masjids and palaces. The Muslim buildings are spacious broad, wide, well proportioned, and well exposed to light. Muslims introduced perpendicular design in their buildings and the upper portion of Muslim buildings is never a mere straight line. It is often traversed by balconies, domes, and minarets.
In the development of Pakistani society, its cultural heritage has played a vital role. The Pakistani nation is justly proud of the historical period which brings with nearly 4th century B.C and continued with the advent of Islam in the Sub Continent in 8th century A.D.
Our cultural heritage expresses courage, patience, and hard life. They all are in connection with life which is a fundamental part of Islamic teachings


Location: Pakistan

Duration:13 Days

Min Age:12

Max People:12

Day 1 : Arrive at Airport
Arrival at Karachi airport and receive by our guide and then transfer to the hotel. Overnight in Karachi.
After breakfast, we will go for Fullday excursion, visit Mizar e Qaid, Masjid e Toba, Mohata Palace and Empress Market, Bohri bazaar, Ferrari Hal, and Clifton beach. Overnight at Karachi.
After breakfast drive to Thatta, visit Chukandi tombs, and then drive to Hyderabad city. Overnight at Hyderabad.
After Breakfast drive to Sukker en route some photo stops. Overnight at Sukkur
After Breakfast drive to the excursion to Mohenjo Daro site. Return to Sukkur. Overnight at Sukkur
After breakfast drive to Multan with some photo stops on the way. Overnight at Multan.
After breakfast drive to Derawar Fort and back to Multan, Evening visit Shrine of Bahawudin Zakriya. Overnight at Multan.
Day 8 MULTAN - HARRAPA - LAHORE After breakfast Drive to Lahore Enroute visit Harrapa site, and transfer to Hotel, Dinner at Chinese Restaurant, and Overnight at the Lahore.
Day 9 : LAHORE
After breakfast proceeds for full day sightseeing at Lahore including National Museum, Royal Mosque, and Lahore Fort. Afternoon visit to witness the flag-lowering ceremony between India and Pakistan. Overnight at the Lahore.
After breakfast drive to Islamabad, en-route visit Rohtas Fort. Dinner and Overnight at Rawalpindi.
After breakfast drive to Peshawar, upon arrival visit Peshawar Museum, Qissakhawani Bazar. Dinner and overnight at Peshawar.
After breakfast proceeds, Islamabad en-route visit Taxila Site. Dinner and Overnight at Islamabad.
Breakfast at the hotel then visits Shakar Parian, Loke Virsa, and Pakistan Monument. Islamabad City Tour and after-dinner drive to the airport. End of our Services. Back home with good memories.

Procedure for applying for permission
1. A foreign mountaineering expedition desirous of climbing of peak in Pakistan shall apply on the application form (Annexure 'A') with one extra copy in the nearest Embassy/Consulate of Pakistan. A copy with a photo copy of royalty receipt should be sent directly to the Tourism Division, Islamabad, Pakistan.
2. Application forms for allotment of peaks should be accepted by a Pakistani Embassy/Consulate during the period of 1st January to 31st December of a year proceeding the year in which an expedition is planned.
3. Such application would then be sent by the said Embassy/Consulate immediately to the Tourism Division where they would be processed on "First-come-First served Basis".
4. Incomplete application forms or such forms as are received either before or after the stipulated dates may not be entertained.
5. If a party is not sure of the composition of the team, it shall apply stating the fact and without attaching particulars of members with the application form. In such cases peaks will be provisionally booked. A formal permission letter shall issue only after particulars at Annexure 'B' are received in Tourism Division at least three months in advance of arrival of the party in Pakistan. If particulars of the new members are not received within stipulated period and party arrives in Pakistan, it may delay their departure to the mountains till the clearance of new members is obtained in about a week. Under this procedure a party shall not leave for Pakistan unless it is in receipt of the formal permission letter. No mountaineer would be a member of more than one expedition during a season.
6. A party shall indicate in order of preference, at least 3-4 peaks so that available peaks could be allotted. A party shall be given permission for more than one 8000 meter peaks with the special permission by the Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
7. Tourism Division shall endeavor to send the mountaineering permit to a party within 60 days of receipt of application form in Tourism Division. Depending on the availability of the peak for the chosen period, Tourism Division will send provisional booking of the peak upon receipt of the completed application.
8. Government reserves the right to allot a particular peak through any route to more than one party in the same season.


9. Government has the right to cancel the allotment of a peak at any time without assigning any reason. Amount of royalty deposited shall be refunded in such cases.
10. In case, however, a party postpones/cancels its mountaineering plan for its own reasons, it shall so inform the Tourism Division by quickest possible means. In such a case royalty deposited shall neither be refunded nor could it be carried forward for future mountaineering in Pakistan. Change in the booking period during the same mountaineering season is possible subject to availability of the peak/route for the revised dates.


11. The expedition upon arrival in Rawalpindi/Islamabad should see the officer concerned in Tourism Division for arranging meeting with the Liaison Officer and assistance on matters like insurance, purchase of rations and allied matters. After completing these formalities leader of the expedition shall ask for a date of formal briefing. For this purpose he shall give a minimum notice of 24 hours excluding Friday and Holidays. The preparatory work would entail a stay of about four-five days in Islamabad/Rawalpindi.
12. On return from the mountains the leader of the party shall inform the concerned officer in the Tourism Division and obtain a date for debriefing by giving him a minimum notice of 24 hours excluding Fridays and holidays.
Note: No party will leave for the mountains without formal briefing or leave the country without formal de-briefing.


13. A party shall include in the expedition, as its member at least one L.O. to be detailed by the Government of Pakistan.
14. A party shall pay for his food, accommodation and transport for mountains and back from the reporting date of the expedition in Islamabad till the date the party is debriefed.
15. During the stay of a party at Rawalpindi / Islamabad a L.O. shall, from the date of reporting, normally share food, transport and accommodation with it. In case a party cannot cater for these arrangements for the L.O. or if the L.O. prefers to arrange his own lodging and board he shall be paid US $20 per day for his stay in Rawalpindi / Islamabad. While in the mountains if L.O. opts to have his independent food arrangements he shall be entitled to US $10 daily allowance. He shall also be provided the services of a porter. The expedition and L.O. will have a common cook.
16. A L.O... Shall carry his personal equipment like any other member of the party.
17. A L.O... Shall be consulted on routes and local customs and if desired on matters such as transport, accommodation and rations. If however, a leader disagrees with L.O. he shall give him in writing the reasons for such disagreement.
18. A L.O. shall extend maximum assistance to a party in making purchases etc. He shall, however, not handle any cash nor undertake any financial transactions on behalf of a leader / party.


(i) For Liaison Officer
19. A L.O. shall accompany a party to a maximum height with the consent of the leader or at least stay at the base camp till the party descends and return with the party for debriefing at Islamabad. For this purpose a party shall provide him, free of cost necessary kit and equipment as detailed at Annexure 'C' in order to enable him to perform his duties without any risk to his person.
20. Kit / equipment for L.O. should be brought to his measurements sent to a party in advance. If a party does not receive measurements before its departure for Pakistan it may bring standard size kit and equipment. Shirts and Jean trousers may be purchased in Pakistan to avoid size problems.
(ii) For Low Altitude Porters
21. A low altitude porter shall accompany a party up to the base camp (Maximum height 5,500 meters). For this purpose a party shall provide him with standard kit / equipment as detailed at Annexure 'D' free of cost.
22. In case a low altitude porter is desired by the party to go above 5,500 meters (except passes en route) he shall be entitled to kit / equipment and ration as prescribed for high altitude porters at Annexure 'E'.
(iii) For High Altitude Porters
23. A party shall arrange to provide, free of cost, standard kit and equipment to a high altitude porter as detailed at Annexure 'E'. In order to enable him to perform his duties.
(iv) For Communication
24. A party shall be equipped with reasonable communication means such as Walkie-talkie, Radio / Transistor set, and a high powered transmitter for communication from mountains with district headquarters (optional frequencies allotted are 5201 kHz, 6996 kHz, 10282 kHz, 15951 kHz and 16411 kHz).
(v) General
25. Kit / equipment for porters shall be handed over to them in the presence of L.O. prior to the start of caravan.
26. No party shall be allowed to proceed to its destination if the kit / equipment provided by it to L.O. / Porters are found incomplete or sub-standard in quality. Before leaving Rawalpindi / Islamabad a L.O. shall satisfy himself that the kit / equipment is complete and of required standard. Kit and equipment given to L.O. is returnable but the items of personal use and clothing such as Jackets, Trousers, Shirts, Gloves, Socks, Caps, approach march boots, Pullovers, rucksack and Sleeping bag to be retained by the Liaison Officer after the expedition is over.


27. Equipment, non-consumable and consumable stores imported by a party into Pakistan shall be subject to the following conditions:
a. Equipment and non-consumable stores will be allowed temporary entry free of customs duty and sales tax payable there on subject to an undertaking (Annexure 'F') being furnished by a leader of the expedition to the effect that the equipment etc., will be re-exported out of Pakistan on completion of the mission and that no part of it will be sold or otherwise disposed of in Pakistan, failing which duty and sales tax payable thereon will be paid.
b. Consumable stores and medicines will be allowed exemption from customs duty and sales tax subject to the said undertaking (Annexure 'F') being furnished by the leader of the expedition to the offed that they will be used for the purpose for which they have been imported and will not be sold or otherwise disposed of in Pakistan failing which customs duty and sales tax payable thereon will be paid. The un-consumed portion will be re-exported out of Pakistan on completion of the mission.
c. Above conditions shall not apply when donation of consumable stores and medicines etc. is made in Pakistan with the prior permission of the Government and for which official receipt will be issued.
28. A party shall send to Tourism Division an application in triplicate as per said Annexure 'F' alongwith three copies of the list of equipment. Cost price of all the items shall also be shown on the said list. Tourism Division shall return one copy to the party after affixing signature / seal. Another copy shall be sent to the customs authority at the point of entry who shall clear the equipment when it arrives with a party.
29. If some equipment is to be sent to Pakistan in advance, Tourism Division shall be so informed. In that case one copy of the application at the said Annexure 'F' along with its enclosures, shall be handed over to a clearing and forwarding agent to be nominated for this purpose by a party. Another copy shall be sent to the customs authority at the point of entry.
30. After clearance of the equipment, the local agency shall have to arrange for its transport, storage and protection till it is handed over to the party on arrival. He shall also pay local duty, if any. He shall be advised to contact a representative of Tourism Division in case of difficulty.


31. A rough idea on wages and charges for animal and mechanical transport will be communicated to the party along with the formal permission letter.
32. Payment of wages to porters shall be made when they are discharged. However, if a porter requires an advance payment, this may be given in the presence of L.O. / Guide and receipt obtained.
33. In addition to daily wages, a party shall provide to a low altitude porter free rations as per Annexure 'G' or money in lieu of rations, as fixed by the Government from the day he is engaged till the day he is discharged.
34. Similarly, free rations shall be provided to high altitude porter as per Annexure 'H' from the day he goes above 5,500 meters.
35. Except in the case of sickness / injury no wages shall be paid to a porter for a day on which he does not work. If, however, a party wants to have a rest day then porter (s) shall be paid full wages etc.
36. For forced halts on bad weather days a party shall pay to porter full daily wages and rations. Decision of a leader about movement on such days shall be final. If, however, L.O. feels that the weather is too bad to march, he may ask the leader to halt the party. In case of disagreement with the advice of L.O. the leader should give in writing the reasons for such disagreement.
37. A porter marching with a party for more than seven days shall be allowed every seventh day as holiday with full daily wages etc.


38. A Liaison Officer shall be covered by an insurance of Rs.200.000 (Rupees two hundred thousand) only. In case of partial disablement the amount of compensation shall be proportionate to the percentage of disablement as declared by a competent authority.
39. A high altitude porter shall be insured for a sum of Rs.100, 000 (Rupees one hundred thousand) only. In case of partial disablement, the amount of compensation shall be proportionate to the percentage of disablement as declared by a Civil Surgeon.
40. A low altitude porter shall be insured for a sum of Rs.50,000 (Rupees fifty thousands) only. In case a partial disablement, the amount of compensation shall be proportionate to the percentage of disablement as declared by a Civil Surgeon.
41. Insurance cover shall be provided through a Pakistani company and Government shall help a party in getting this facility in Pakistan if so requested.


42. If in the opinion of a doctor / first aid specialist evacuation of a sick / injured porter from the mountain to a hospital in a district headquarters like Gilgit, Skardu or Chitral is necessary then the said party shall pay for his evacuation by a helicopter or other means. In case a L.O. feels that the porter is very sick and is not being evacuated, he shall ask the leader to arrange for his evacuation. If the leader disagrees with the advice of L.O. he shall give him in writing the reasons for such disagreement. The said statement would also need to be countersigned by the expedition's doctor / first-aid specialist.
43. A party is not responsible to pay for the evacuation and medical treatment of a sick / injured L.O. as the same shall be borne by his detailing / recommending authority.
44. During sickness / injury in the mountains or hospitalization, a party shall pay half of the daily wages to a porter till the date it leaves the district headquarters for Rawalpindi / Islamabad.
45. Medical facilities including surgical operations etc. are generally provided free of cost in Pakistani hospitals. Should some sickness / injuries to porters entail some expenditure, a party shall pay for the same. In case of death of a porter / cook or other hired person, the expedition would be responsible for the transportation of the dead body from the place of the casualty to the place of hiring.


46. Following are royalty rates for scaling peaks of various height in Pakistan:


Height of Peaks

Royalty in US$

For each additional member exceeding 5 per team an additional fee at the following rate will be charged


K2 (8611m)



















(These rates are subject to periodic revision).
Note: Expeditions are required to deposit full amount of royalty with the nearest embassy / consulate / Tourism Division Government of Pakistan at the time of making an application for booking of a peak. The Head of account for depositing the royalty is:
"1391-Fees, Fines and Forfeitures" for accounting of the receipt relating to royalty / trekking fee realized from Mountaineering and Trekking.
47. An Embassy / Consulate shall forward to the Tourism Division a copy of the royalty receipt issued to the expedition. Amount of royalty, number and date of receipt issued may clearly be mentioned on the covering letter.
48. A party shall indicate in its application form its order of preference for attempting the peak. In case the preference of a party is for the allotment of lower peak and the party is allotted a higher peak out of its preference it shall deposit the balance of the royalty within two weeks of receipt of communication from Tourism Division. In case the balance amount is not deposited within the stipulated period the allotment shall automatically stand cancelled. The amount of royalty collected shall not be refunded to the party whose allotment has been cancelled.
49. In case the first preference of a party is for the allotment of a higher peak but it is allotted a lower peak out of its preference the balance of the royalty shall be refunded to it by the concerned Embassy / Consulate of Pakistan on receipt of a letter of authorization from the Tourism Division.
50. It shall be binding on a party to accept the allotment of a peak if it is one of those mentioned by it in its application form. In case of refusal to accept the allotment, the amount of royalty stand forfeited.
51. If a party indicates its order of preference within a list of peaks submitted by it and all those peaks have already been allotted to other parties, it shall be asked to identify more peaks. In case of its inability to do so, the whole of its royalty shall be refunded to it.
52. A foreign-cum-Pakistani party and a Pakistani-cum-foreign party shall deposit the full amount of royalty for the allotment of a peak. In case it qualifies for a discount of 50% on the royalty the balance of the amount shall be refunded to it accordingly.
Note: A foreign expedition party shall be allowed to get Pakistani member only from any Pakistani Mountaineering Club registered with the Tourism Division. Similarly such a Pakistani Club shall be allowed to organise a Pakistani-cum-foreign expedition if it is registered with the Tourism Division.


(i) Aerial Photography
53. Aerial photography of mountain peaks enroute to Northern Areas and Chitral is allowed after notifying the pilot of an aircraft or the Liaison Officer.
(ii) Still Photography
54. A party shall not photograph the following objects during its stay in Pakistan:
(a) Any Army, Navy and Air Force installations.
(b) Any equipment of Armed Force's such as ships / establishments, guns, tanks, vehicles, aircrafts and arms etc.
(c) Any Pakistan Aerodromes or its connected buildings and installations.
(d) Any tribal lady / ladies.
(e) Any other notified prohibited area / place.
(iii) Making of Commercial Film including T.V.
55. Subject to above, a party attempting a peak, situated in closed zone (i.e. 10 mile belt and 30 mile belt of Pakistan border with foreign countries) may take photographs / make films under the direct supervision of a L.O.
56. For this purpose, a party shall identify one member of its team as the photographer for shooting of a film of academic interest. If, however, a party wants to include in the team some professional photographers for shooting of professional films, the professional photographer(s) in that case shall be accompanied by an additional L.O. under the same Terms and conditions as for the L.O. Under this arrangement, professional photographers shall not be allowed to break into units.
57. Export of such films out of Pakistan shall be allowed only after the L.O. has certified that defence installations and prohibited areas / places were not photographed.
58. A L.O. shall inform a party of the objects which are allowed to be photographed / filmed. If he is convinced that key / defense installations are being photographed, he shall forbid the photographer from taking such photographs or making such films. If a photographer does not comply with his advice, the matter shall be reported to police who shall proceed against such photographer under official Secrets Act, 1923.
59. Still photographs, commercial films and films of academic interest taken / made in rest of Pakistan shall not be subject to these restrictions except restrictions mentioned at paragraph 54 and 58.
60. Permission to photography is subject to the condition that a party shall supply to the Government of Pakistan free of cost and freight one copy / print of film of academic interest / commercial film made and one set of photograph taken.


(a) Foreign-cum-Pakistan party
61. A party assuming the nature of a joint expedition, which would include Pakistanis as climbers, shall get a discount of 50% on the amount of royalty. In this case the number of Pakistani climbers shall not be less than half of the total number of foreign members in a party including its leader. In special cases the Tourism Division may relax the number of Pakistanis to one-third of foreigners.
62. If, however, the said one third number cannot be mustered then there shall be no collaboration between a Pakistani party and a foreign party.
63. Particulars of Pakistani climbers, in five copies, shall be obtained on proforma at Annexure 'I' by a foreign party from any Pakistani Alpine Club which shall ensure that experienced climbers are nominated for the purpose on all Pakistan basis. These particulars shall then be attached to an application form.
64. Under these arrangements a leader shall be a foreigner while deputy leader shall be a Pakistani.
(b) Pakistan-cum-Foreign party
65. A Pakistani party which may include in its expedition foreign national as members, shall pay 50% of the royalty chargeable for a peak proposed to be attempted. In this case the number of foreign climbers shall not exceed that of Pakistani climbers or be less than one-third of the total number of Pakistanis. However, a party having a single foreigner will stand exempted from the operation of this Para.
66. Particulars of all foreign climbers shall be obtained by a Pakistani party on proforma at Annexure 'B' and supplied in five copies, along with an application form at Annexure 'A' to Tourism Division at least 4 months in advance of their arrival.
67. Under these arrangements a leader shall be a Pakistani while a deputy leader may be a foreigner.
68. A foreign-cum-Pakistani or a Pakistani-cum- foreign expedition party shall be accompanied by a L.O.
69. A party consisting of Pakistani climbers only shall, however, be exempt from payment of royalty. It shall, however, deposit with Tourism Division particulars of all the members, including the leader on proforma at Annexure 'I'. Pakistani expeditions need no L.O.'s.
70. Foreigners and Pakistanis climbing peaks under these arrangements shall be subject to relevant provisions of these Terms and Conditions wherever applicable.


71. In case of accident / death of a member of a party, the leader shall notify the L.O. who shall report the matter to the nearest police station and get in touch with Deputy Commissioner of the area for any assistance that may be felt necessary.
72. If any assistance from the Pakistan Army is needed, the L.O. shall so inform the Deputy Commissioner who shall arrange such assistance.
73. If helicopter is needed, FCNA / Local Administration would arrange for the same, on payment basis. Mountaineering expeditions will guarantee rescue operation funds to the tune of US$ 4000 or provide guarantee from their respective Diplomatic Mission in Pakistan or an undertaking from Government approved Tour Operator failing which they will not be allowed to attempt peaks in Pakistan.
74. In case of death of a member, a L.O. shall obtain, necessary death certificate from local Deputy Commissioner before leaving the area.
75. In case of accident / death of a low / high altitude porter, action shall be taken on the above lines. In addition, a L.O. shall obtain from the Civil Surgeon concerned a certificate of his / their disablement / death for insurance purposes.
76. In case of injury / death of L.O. the leader shall inform the Deputy Commissioner of the area who, in turn, shall inform the army authorities / Tourism Division.


77. A party shall invariably encash Foreign Exchange from an authorised bank / money changer. For this purpose a certificate about the amount of Foreign Exchange surrendered shall be obtained from the said bank / authorised money changer.
78. Exchange booths of banks authorised to deal in Foreign Exchange at the exit points are authorised to reconvert upto Rs. 500 per person out of the unspent balance of Pak. Rupee obtained by encashment of foreign currency. For reconversion of the amount exceeding the said limit an office of the State Bank of Pakistan shall be approached through a bank authorised to deal in foreign exchange.
79. A party shall convert its foreign currency into Pak. Rupee at Rawalpindi / Islamabad which shall then be taken to Gilgit / Skardu and Chitral. A party may, however, deposit the surplus / reserve amount in a bank at the above mentioned places, before leaving for mountains.
80. Encashment of Foreign Exchange from anybody other than a bank or an authorised money changer is an offence under the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947.


81. A party shall confine its activities to its objectives as declared in the application form.
82. A party shall not indulge in any activity that might offend the religious sentiments and social or moral usages and customs of the local people.
83. A party shall not at any stage operate in more than one area and scale more than one peak.
84. Also a party shall not scale a peak by a route which goes through another peak.
85. A party shall not split into small groups while in the mountains. In cases of emergency a L.O. has the authority to allow splitting of a party.
86. A party shall not deviate from the specified route except in an emergency and with the permission of a L.O.
87. Maps etc if applied for and issued to a party shall be returned to the Government of Pakistan through L.O. before an expedition's departure from Pakistan. A nominal amount of non-refundable money may also need to be deposited with the Government for use of these maps.
88. Duplicate copies of photographical data collected during mountain climbing etc, shall be handed over to L.O.
89. Should a party be of mountaneering-cum-scientific or exclusively scientific nature, the leader shall submit to the Pakistan authorities concerned for inspection of all the data / specimens / collections etc.
90. Export of all such collection without the prior permission of the Government of Pakistan is prohibited.
91. A leader shall also provide a set of all such specimens to the Government of Pakistan.
92. Copies of research papers / documents prepared shall also be supplied, in duplicate, to the Government of Pakistan.


93. It is imperative to keep the mountains clean. Instructions contained in the subsequent paras on the subject shall be strictly observed.
94. Every mountaineering party irrespective of its size shall contribute US$ 200 or equivalent in Pakistani currency for Environment Protection Fund. The Head of Account for depositing this contribution is "Receipt of Tourism Division 130000-139000". This could be deposited by expeditions after their arrival in Pakistan in the State Bank of Pakistan or in the authorized branch of National Bank of Pakistan.
95. Mountaineering parties shall also deposit refundable amount of US$ 1,000 or equivalent in Pakistani currency in the authorized bank in Pakistan. The amount would be subject to forefeiture in full or in part thereof in case the expedition or any of its members causes damage to environment.
96. A party shall leave a camping site clean. On return, a L.O. shall furnish a certificate that this condition has been fully complied with by a party.
97. A party or its porters shall not damage the forest or animal wealth of the area. On return, a L.O. shall furnish a certificate that this condition has also been fully complied with by a party.
98. In case it is established that a certain liaison officer gave false certificate, the matter would be brought to the notice of his detailing authority who would proceed against him / her under the laid down rules on the subject. In case of a Civilian Liaison Officer or guide his / her registration would be cancelled and he / she would be disqualified as a guide for a period of four years.
99. In case of breach of these rules, a party or all the members of such a party shall be disqualified for any further mountaineering expedition to Pakistan for a period of four years. In addition to this they may also be proceeded against under the relevant laws.


100. A party shall engage porters through local administration.
101. A low altitude porter shall carry a maximum weight of 25 kilos. He shall cover a minimum distance of 10 kilometers and a maximum distance of 13 kilometers per day with suitable stoppages of 5-10 minutes after every hour. If there are some traditional night halts on the way, which are short of the said 10-13 kilometers, then a porter may stay there for the night. He shall have to make up for the loss of mileage the next day.
102. A high altitude porter shall carry maximum weight according to the following scale:


Height between 5,001 to 6,000 metres.

20 kgs.


Height between 6,001 to 7,000 meters.

17 kgs.


Height between 7,001 to 8,000 meters.

14 kgs.


Beyond 8,000 meters.

12 kgs.

103. While carrying this load beyond a base camp a porter shall make only one trip from one camp to another. This trip would be inclusive of going up and coming down. Leader of a party shall use his discretion in setting up of camps beyond the said base camp by taking into consideration the location of mountains, terrain and areas of avalanches.
104. A porter shall sign an undertaking of good behavior as per Annexure 'J'. One copy of the said undertaking shall be deposited with a representative of local administration. Another copy shall be handed over to the leader. The third copy shall be provided to the porter.
105. A party shall try to follow the date of arrival as fixed by the Government in order to avoid pressure on transport and accommodation.
106. As soon as a party gets the permission letter, it shall immediately get in touch with the nearest PIA Office or an office of any other airline for reservation of seats and booking of equipment from Rawalpindi to Northern Areas / Chitral by giving the following information:
(i) Number of persons.
(ii) Total weight of equipment to be flown.
(iii) Probable dates of flights from Rawalpindi to Northern Areas / Chitral.
107. Flights to N.As. and Chitral are subject to weather conditions and as such PIA or any other airline may not be able to give firm dates of bookings. In such cases, a party would need to request the PIA / any other airline to pass on the above information to Officer Incharge, Northern Areas, PIA Office, The Mall, Rawalpindi.
108. A party shall come prepared to stay for a period of 2-3 weeks in Rawalpindi and N.As / Chitral, respectively, in case the weather suddenly turns bad.
109. A party shall have to register itself with Foreigners Registration Officer in the Office of Senior Superintendent of Police, at Rawalpindi before leaving for mountains. Similarly a party shall inform the said Foreign Registration Officer before leaving Rawalpindi / Islamabad on departure from Pakistan.
110. To obviate language difficulty, a party coming from non-english speaking country, shall invariably include in an expedition an English speaking member.
111. A party shall not serve forbidden items like pork etc, to L.O. / porters.


The Terms and Conditions for Liaison Officer would remain the same as provided under item IV above except the following:


(i) Food:

In case the Liaison Officer is not sharing food with expedition party while in the mountains, he would be paid double the normal summer rates in lieu of rations.


(ii) Kit & Equipment:

The kit and equipment would be of such a make and quality which can withstand the extreme temperature of -35°C to -40°C.

The Terms and Conditions for porters (both high and low altitude) would remain the same as provided under item VII above except the following:


(i) Rations:

The scale of rations would be the same for both low and high altitude porters as indicated in Annexure 'H' of the Mountaineering Rules and Regulations.


(ii) Kit & Equipment:

The items of kit and equipment would remain the same for both low and high altitude porters as are mentioned in Annexure 'E'. The equipment shall be of the quality that is tested against a temperature of -35°C to -40°C.


(iii) Wages:


Low altitude porter - double the normal summer wages + Rs. 50 per day in lieu of rations.



High altitude porters - double the normal summer wages + Rs. 50 per day in lieu of rations.




A low-altitude porter shall carry a maximum weight of 20 kg up to base camp.



A high-altitude porter shall carry a maximum weight of 12 kg.

Pakistan Mountain Royalty Fee for the Year 2021 (Amount in USD $)

Procedure & Process:


a) Two types of Tourism Permits issued by Gilgit-Baltistan Council Secretariat in respect of foreign tourists for Peaks/Treks located in Restricted Areas of Gilgit- Baltistan:

  • Climbing Permit
  • Trekking  Permit

Note: No Trekking Permit is required from GB Council to visit Open Areas of Gilgit Baltistan. All Peaks above 6500 Meter require Permit from GB Council whether in Open Area or Restricted Area.

b) Documents Required:

• All applications for climbers/trekkers in respect of foreign tourists for the Peaks/Treks located in Gilgit-Baltistan are submitted in Gilgit Baltistan Council Secretariat through designated tour operators registered with Department of Tourist Services Government of Pakistan including 7 sets of following documents:

  • Application from tour operator on their letter head
  • Application form for mountaineering expedition
  • Name list of members of expedition
  • Route map of proposed peak/trek
  • Passport copies of members of expedition
  • Visa application form (duly filled) of foreign climbers/trekkers
  • CV of Expedition members
  • Copy of license of tour operator company

Procedure and Process:

  •  After receipt of complete application from tour operator Company, the same is forwarded to concerned departments/agencies for obtaining requisite clearances
  • Time required: 4-6 weeks as per existing Pakistan Visa Regime.

Pakistan Mountain Royalty Fees:

Depositing of Royalty Fees in Gilgit-Baltistan Council Account as per following detail:

  • National Bank of Pakistan S Block, Pak Secretariat, Islamabad Account # 1975-7
  • Zero royalty fee for peak up to 6500-M
  • 10% royalty fee on mountains situated in Gilgit, and Ghizer except on Spantik / Golden Peak.
  • 05% royalty fee on all peaks during winter season (December-February)
  • 40% Discount on royalty fee on all peaks except as mentioned in (i) & (ii) above as detailed below:-

Pakistan Mountain Royalty Fee for the Year 2021 (Amount in USD $)


Height Of Mountain

Up To 7 Member Team

Each Additional Member


K-2 (8611-M)

USD $ 7,200

USD $ 1,200


8001 – 8500-M

USD $ 5,400

USD $ 900


7501 – 8000-M

USD $ 2,400

USD $ 300


7001 – 7500-M

USD $ 1,500

USD $ 180


6501 – 7000-M

USD $ 900

USD $ 120

Depositing of Waste Management Fees in case the area located in Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP) in the account of CKNP as per following

CKNP Revised Fee Notification

Bank Account detail:

Habib Metropolitan Bank, Jutial Branch, Gilgit
Account #: 6-02-86-20311-714-104814
IBAN Account #: PK91MPBL0286027140104814

Environment Fee/Waste Management Fee will be 200 US$ for each member of mountaineering expedition.

Trekking Fee will be 50 USD$ per person for one month for Treks situated in Restricted areas of Gilgit-Baltistan. However, 50 USD$ will also be charged as Environment Fee/Waste Management Fee per person for one month to be deposited in the account of CKNP as mentioned above.

Issuance of Climbing Permit:

After receipt of all clearances from concerned departments, Gilgit Baltistan Council Secretariat issues Climbing permit after completion of following codal formalities by the concerned tour operator:

o Depositing of prescribed royalty fee
o Application to issue climbing permit
o Expedition members insurance/ Undertaking by tour operator assuring rescue operation funds:
o Tourist guide / Liaison Officer insurance and porter insurance


Information regarding status of application, while they are being processed can be obtained from Tourism Section of Gilgit-Baltistan Council Secretariat.

Mountain Royalty fee in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan

Royalty Fee Rates:

Royalty Fee Rates 

(Rules and Regulation Edition – 1999)

Ministry of Tourism reduced royalty fee rates from time to time since 2002 in order to overcome the negative effects of 9/11 2001 incident and to promote adventure tourism in Pakistan. It is still being continued with the Existing 40% Discounted Fee



Height of mountain

 Royalty fee,                 7 Member

Each Additional Member


Height of mountain

Royalty fee

Each Additional Member


 K2 8611-M

$ 12000

$ 3000


K2 8611m

$ 7200

$ 1200


8001 – 8500m

$ 9,500

$ 3000


8001 – 8500m

$ 5400

$ 900


7501 – 8000m

$ 4000

$ 1000


7501 – 8000m

$ 2400

$ 300


7001 – 7500m

$ 2500

$ 500


7001 – 7500m

$ 1500

$ 180


6501 – 7000m

$ 1500

$ 300


6501 – 7000m

$ 900

$ 120


(Note) Trekking and Mountain Royalty fees Pakistan are set by Government Of Pakistan at the beginning of every year.